The occasion of Eid Al Ghadir earns a special importance, having a certain attachment in the lives of the believers throughout the year, since through it, they confirm one of the principles (usool) of their religion, while the rest of the religious holidays are linked to the branches (furu’) of religion. Hence we see great emphasis on such a great day, it is the greatest Eid of Allah (swt)!
There are striking episodes in Eid Al Ghadir, worthy of contemplation. Some celebrate this occasion without going into the depth of the occasion and the lessons it contains:
First: The Holy Prophet (pbuh) garnered this position for the Farewell Pilgrimage, the last pilgrimage of the Holy Prophet (pbuh):
The Messenger of Allah [s] declared: “It seems the time approached when I shall be called away (by Allah) and I shall answer that call. I am leaving for you two precious things and if you adhere to them both, you will never go astray after me. They are the Book of Allah and my Progeny, that is my Ahlul Bayt. The two shall never separate from each other until they come to me by the Pool (of Paradise).” Then the Messenger of Allah continued: “Do I not have more right over the believers than what they have over themselves?” People cried and answered: “Yes, O’ Messenger of God.” The Prophet [s] held up the hand of ‘Ali and said: “For whoever I am his Leader (mawla), ‘Ali is his Leader (mawla).” The Prophet [s] continued:”O’ God, love those who love him, and be hostile to those who are hostile to him.”
From the above sermon, it can be understand that this event is of utmost importance, since it is not an call to love Ali (as), but it is to make him a successor of the Holy Prophet (may God bless him and his family). The principle of successorship and wilayah is ingrained in the human being (in his fitrah), and is a standard prophetic principle: when Musa (peace be upon him) went into seclusion for forty days, left his brother Haroon behind to lead his people, and all the the Holy Prophet (may God bless him and his family) did, is to follow this prophetic principle and the sunnah of his predecessors.
Second: One of the notable things, is the linking of religious holidays to worship. The day of Ghadir is the day of wilayah, but recommended acts (mustahhab) on that day, are: prayer (salat)- and prostration (sujuud) to Allah (swt) thanking Him for this blessing!
Thus, the issue is an issue of wilayah, of leadership and obedience, but even this day of the wilayah is a call to tawheed. As one of the main acts after reciting ziyarah of Imam Hussein (as) is to pray 2 rak’ahs of ziyarah, where we announce after the prayer:
(Oh Allah! .. I prayed and kneeled and bowed to you, alone, without a partner for you, because prayer and kneeling and prostrating is not be done except for you, for you are Allah and there is no God but You. . Oh Allah! .. bless Muhammad and his progeny, and send them for me the best greetings and peace. Oh Allah! .. These two rak’ahs are a gift from me to my Mawla and Master and Imam Hussein Bin Ali peace be upon them. OhAllah! Bless Muhammad and his family and accept this from me, and grant me better hope and hope in You and in Your waliy O Most Merciful).
The one performing ziyarah next to the tomb of the Infallible Imam, is praying towards the Qiblah, his object and purpose being the Lord of the worlds, Allah (swt). Thus, there is an extremely close correlation between the principle of wilayah, and the principle of tawheed.
And the acceptance of this wilayah has conditions, And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam – from their loins – their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], “Am I not your Lord?” They said, “Yes, we have testified.”} .. When we say: Yes, then we must commit ourselves to the Shari’ah. Also those who accepted the wilayah of the Commander of the Faithful (peace be upon him), upon them are conditions. As Imam Al Baqir (as) said:
‘The most regretful people on Day of Resurrection, are those who claimed to follow the truth (through words), yet go against this truth (in their actions)’.
So one who claims to be on the path of the Ahlul Bayt ( peace be upon them), yet in his actions exhibits goes against their teachings, will feel the most regret on the Day of Resurrection!